Tuesday, March 19, 2013

Unix Real Time Interview Questions with answers

1. How do you write the contents of 3 files into a single file?
cat file1 file2 file3 > file
2. How to display the fields in a text file in reverse order?
awk ‘BEGIN {ORS=”"} { for(i=NF;i>0;i–) print $i,” “; print “\n”}’ filename
3. Write a command to find the sum of bytes (size of file) of all files in a directory.
ls -l | grep ‘^-’| awk ‘BEGIN {sum=0} {sum = sum + $5} END {print sum}’
4. Write a command to print the lines which end with the word “end”?
grep ‘end$’ filename
The ‘$’ symbol specifies the grep command to search for the pattern at the end of the line.
5. Write a command to select only those lines containing “july” as a whole word?
grep -w july filename
The ‘-w’ option makes the grep command to search for exact whole words. If the specified pattern is found in a string, then it is not considered as a whole word. For example: In the string “mikejulymak”, the pattern “july” is found. However “july” is not a whole word in that string.
6. How to remove the first 10 lines from a file?
sed ’1,10 d’ < filename
7. Write a command to duplicate each line in a file?
sed ‘p’ < filename
8. How to extract the username from ‘who am i’ comamnd?
who am i | cut -f1 -d’ ‘
9. Write a command to list the files in ‘/usr’ directory that start with ‘ch’ and then display the number of lines in each file?
wc -l /usr/ch*
Another way is
find /usr -name ‘ch*’ -type f -exec wc -l {} \;
10. How to remove blank lines in a file ?
grep -v ‘^$’ filename > new_filename

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